Asthma is a lung disease in which the airways shrink, swelling in it and the cough or mucus emerging more than the throat. Because of this there is difficulty breathing, wheezing, cough and throat. Nowadays, this disease has become very common and most people have this complication of asthma. In this article you will know about asthma symptoms, tests and prevention measures due to asthma.
Asthma is a minor problem for some people, whereas for others it is a serious disease that affects the daily activities of the person and may have a life-threatening asthma attack. Asthma cannot be cured but its symptoms can be controlled. Over time, the condition of this disease also changes, so patients of asthma should be constantly in touch with the doctor so that symptoms of asthma which are changing over time can be identified.
Causes of asthma
The exact causes of asthma have not been detected yet. But genetic and environmental factors are responsible for the disease. In childhood, this disease can develop from environmental factors such as viral infection or allergy. Asthma disease is usually caused by smoking, tobacco intake, dust particles, air pollution, pollen, respiratory infections, cold air, physical activity, allergic reaction and some food items. Apart from this, it also gets worse due to stress and emotionally weakening. Drinks such as beer, wine, food items such as dried fruit can also be the cause of this disease.
Asthma many factors are responsible for the development of asthma disease. Some of these are:
- If the parents have asthma (asthma), then their children may also be affected by this disease.
- Having high obesity, using old cigarettes, staying in polluted places and using chemicals in agriculture keeps the risk of getting sick.
Symptoms of asthma
Symptoms of asthma appear different in each person. Some people have asthma visits sometimes, while in some people the symptoms of asthma appear only when exercising, while in some people the symptoms of this disease are always present.
The symptoms of asthma are:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness or pain
- Difficulty in sleeping due to difficulty in respiration, throat swallowing, cough in the throat and mucus. (Read more – Household remedies to cure sore throat)
- While leaving the breath, wheezing or wheezing is the common symptom of asthma in children.
- Cough and mucus increases in the neck due to cold infections due to cold or cold fever.
- Apart from this, some people have symptoms of asthma during asthma during exercise, and these symptoms become more severe in cold or dry air.
- Asthma symptoms increase due to dust, gas, smoke and chemicals in people who work in factories.
Doctors test the patient’s body to detect asthma disease in patients. In addition, doctors also ask about any member suffering from this disease in the family’s family. Doctors use the stethoscope to listen to the patient’s lungs and detect the disease by examining the wheezing of the throat, swelling in the nostrils, falling water from the nose, and examining the mucus.
The lung function is used to detect this disease, which is called spirometry. Through this test, it is ascertained that how fast the person is breathing and leaving. Apart from this, the doctor also advises the patient to make an allergy test.
Treatment of asthma
There is no cure for asthma. When the symptoms of asthma appear, the person should show the doctor and consult the doctor to control the disease. Usually doctors give some medicines to save the patient from asthma or to reduce the symptoms of asthma. Apart from this, the patient is also given asthma therapy so that the symptoms of asthma can be eliminated.
- Although there is no way to stop asthma but some precautions can be taken from your side to avoid asthma.
- Every person should get pneumonia and influenza vaccine so that fever and pneumonia can be prevented due to asthma.
- Air pollution, pollen, allergic reaction, cold air can cause asthma attack, so these conditions should save their body.
- Continuously must continue getting health checks and the doctor should continue to get information about his health.
- In the throat, phlegm, mucus, wheezing, respiratory disorders affect the function of the lungs and give asthma directly, so if you have such difficulties then go to the doctor immediately.
- Keep complete information about asthma symptoms, and as soon as these symptoms appear, go to the doctor. Because these symptoms can be fully controlled through some medicines in the beginning.
In the treatment of asthma, efforts are made to reduce inflammation in the airways, and avoid any kind of allergies are advised. The main purpose of treatment is to reduce the asthma attack by making the breathing of the patient normal and making daily activities easier. Asthma inhalers are considered a good method for removing the symptoms of asthma, because in this method, medicines are delivered directly to the lungs which have a side effect. Some asthma medicines are also given in pill or injection form.